What is the depth of the washer?
In terms of height and width, the bulk of non-built models is the same. 850 mm and 600 mm, respectively. The depth of the technique matters. For small-sized kitchens and bathrooms, where it would be nice to narrow the countertop on one side to 500 mm, it is better to choose narrow models with a depth of 440-450 mm. If the countertop from the side of the washing machine is planned to be left with a standard width of 600 mm and it is not necessary to close it with facades either, this selection criterion does not matter.
If it is assumed that a built-in cabinet for a washing machine will have doors, it is necessary to increase the width of the niche by the thickness of the hinges. So that, if necessary, it can be pulled out without removing the facades and countertops. the width of the gaps will allow you to do this.
Wardrobe for a built-in washing machine in the kitchen
Kitchen furniture for the built-in washing machine between cupboards does not require any tweaks when developing the design. In this case, a niche is left for the equipment, and the tabletop is simply placed on top. The niche is left 620-650 mm wide. To clarify the required width, it is better to familiarize yourself with the technical documentation, where the manufacturer indicates all the maximum tolerances for installation. As a rule, it is proposed to provide for gaps on the sides from 10 to 20 mm.
It is impossible to close the model of standard depth with doors at the accepted tabletop depth of 600 mm. Even without this, the washer will slightly protrude with its convex parts beyond the eaves, further than the general level of the front part. But if the model is narrowed, then you can. for this, it is pushed to the desired depth in order to install a common base and hang the doors themselves on the sidewalls of neighboring cabinets.
Built-in washing machine in the kitchen: choosing the “right” model
The range of washing machines is really huge. When choosing, they are guided by many parameters: appearance, functionality, capacity, brand, cost, etc. It will not be superfluous to pay attention to those characteristics that can complicate or, conversely, facilitate the design of a built-in cabinet for a washing machine in the bathroom or in the kitchen.
How to build a washing machine in the kitchen
A washing machine built into a cupboard is usually located as close to the sink as possible. This is due to the length of the drain hose included in the kit, which should be “sufficient” for installation in a common sewer system. Otherwise, the pump life of the washing machine will be significantly reduced.
The socket for inclusion is located outside the niche allocated for embedding. This is due to two reasons:
- Firstly, the washing machine can be disconnected from the mains without pulling out.
- Secondly, a protruding socket with a plugged in will not interfere with pushing the equipment.
It is advisable to think over all other communications for quick access to the closet with a built-in washing machine. After all, technology sometimes breaks down.
And the last nuance. the washing machine should be leveled to reduce vibration before installing the tabletop.
Kitchens with built-in washing machine at the end of the row
The built-in washing machine in the kitchen, the dimensions of which suggest installation at the very end of the kitchen row, can stand alone, without a top cover on top. But if a tabletop is still needed, it needs an emphasis in the form of a sidewall or a console holder.
The sidewall must hold on to something. If it is not possible to “skip” the strips connecting the side post with the adjacent cabinet behind or under the tabletop, it is recommended to install metal corners on both sides. under the tabletop and on the wall.
What is the form of the control panel?
Appliance designers are moving away from the classic straight lines. Often the washing machine has an attractive, streamlined shape. Pay attention to the upper control panel. if it is beveled and “goes” into the depths, after the washing machine is built into the kitchen cabinet, the container for powders will become inaccessible due to the overhang of the countertop in front.
There are two ways out. cut off the restraints at the tray so that it can be removed completely or put the detergents into the drum of the machine. Also, an overly convex and protruding front part, even with a narrowed depth of the case itself, may not “allow” to close the washer with doors. By the way, regarding the installation of facades: the upper hinge should be cut below the standard indent of 100 mm, so as not to block the extension of the tray. It is better to lower it and cut it lower, say at 200 mm from the edge (see the height of the control panel).
How to integrate a washing machine into a cupboard in a kitchen or bathroom
There are household appliances that you can do without. A modern automatic washing machine is not one of them. With limited space in the bathroom, it fits perfectly into the kitchen interior, taking its place in the bottom row of cabinets under the countertop. How to build a washing machine depends on a number of criteria and the wishes of the owners for the overall design.
Corner kitchens with built-in washing machine
When placing appliances in the middle or at the end of a row, the question of how to integrate a washing machine into the kitchen usually does not arise. the standard solutions have been described above. But when the washing machine is attached to the corner washing module, there are nuances in the design development.
A standard corner sink table assumes the installation of a vertical strip strip 34 mm wide, which closes the gap caused by the overhang of the countertop. If the sink rises instead of a table next to the sink, then it makes no sense to put a side wall to support the countertop. Usually, they simply increase the width of the strip to 50 mm and duplicate it in depth. a 16 mm wide stop is enough.
However, you don’t always want to “lose” 50 mm in the kitchen. Especially when it comes to built-in furniture for a washing machine in a small-sized Khrushchev kitchen, where every centimeter counts. In this case, it is possible to completely abandon the strips-strips. And fix the tabletop, for example, with a Euro saw and a screed on the inside.
Eurozapil is a rather controversial decision. It can create problems near the sink. Indeed, if moisture gets inside untreated or insufficiently well-processed ends, the tabletop can swell. You can do without the euro saw. You can also pull the tabletop through the bend, however, in the places where the screed is installed, it will be necessary to file the docking bar.
Also in corner kitchens with a built-in washing machine, the work surfaces can be pulled together with tie plates. And at the back, for reliability, fix the level of the tabletop using a flat console holder.
Whether the top cover is removable or not?
In order to integrate the washing machine under the worktop of a kitchen unit with a standard height of 850 mm, the cover must be removed from the unit. In some models, this cannot be done. more precisely, it makes no sense, because of the control panel coming on the cover.
To integrate the washing machine into the cabinet under the countertop with the control panel extending onto the lid, you will have to increase the height of the tables in the kitchen set. No problem, if at the same time the stove, an integral companion of any kitchen, is built-in, consisting of an oven and a hob.
And if the stove is free-standing, with a standard height of 850 mm? Due to the built-in washing machine in the kitchen, the level of the countertop will go higher. at the level of 880-890 mm from the floor. There is only one way out, to design a kind of podium under the slab in order to raise it in line with the working surface.
Washing machine grounding methods
In principle, grounding is any conductor deeply buried in an earthen hole. Depending on the future operation, it is divided into several types:
- Protective. The main purpose is to protect a person from a strong electric shock.
- Working. Protection of electrical devices from breakage is carried out.
Modern multi-storey buildings are equipped with a three-wire network. It allows you to easily create a connection to the electrical network. A three-wire cable must be connected to the outlet.
If there is no grounding in an apartment building, potential equalization technology is used. However, this method does not guarantee complete security. An ancient method is to fix the ground wire directly to the pipeline, the central heating battery. However, it is not safe.
Owners of private houses can independently create their own grounding system. Metal pins are taken and buried with a chain in the ground. The pit should be no more than 1.5 meters deep. The cable is welded to the pins through which the current will go into the ground.
Grounding to the battery in the bathroom or sewer pipe
This technique was used several decades ago. Special connections were used to connect to the battery. This method is most effective. But it has several serious disadvantages:
- First of all, its illegality. GOST is strictly forbidden to use such technology.
- The parts of the heating system are seriously damaged. The passing electric current is corrosive to metals. As a result, pipe connections begin to leak.
- Such grounding is not highly reliable, electric shock is possible.
It is very easy to create such a grounding. Take a copper, single-core wire. Both ends are stripped. One is attached to the body of the washing machine, the other to the water pipe.
Good to know! A ground connected to the battery will definitely cause the pipe to burst.
If there is no grounding in the room, its imitation can be created using a neutral wire. This technology is used very often, as it has proven its reliability and guarantees complete safety. An exhaust bus is attached to the bifurcated neutral wire. A similar one is attached to the ground. From these buses the wiring is directed to the premises.
To connect household appliances, a new socket is mounted, power to which is supplied from the panel with a three-core cable. The connection is done according to the scheme. To connect a wire to the shield, two buses are used, together with AZO.
Note! Direct connection of zero to earth in the distribution board can damage the cable. The efficiency of such grounding remains very low.
To ground your washing machine, you will need:
- indicator screwdriver;
- sharp knife.
Most people call a professional electrician to create a ground connection. However, for those who are familiar with home wiring, it will not be difficult to do such work on their own.
How to ground a washing machine
Almost all modern household appliances, especially a washing machine, are capable of operating only on alternating current. A three-wire single-phase system is connected in phase, neutral wire, and mandatory grounding is also done. If it is a private home, or an old apartment building, the household equipment is connected to a two-wire electrical system. In these buildings, the grounding cable is completely absent. What to do in this case, how to ground a new washing machine to avoid an accident?
How to ground a washing machine if there is no ground
All modern large household appliances require mandatory grounding. The technological process largely depends on two important factors:
- type of building;
- existence of grounding in the switchboard.
The connection operation becomes much easier if the grounding cable has already been installed in the building. Almost every user of the washing machine can easily cope with this task.
It is much more difficult to perform grounding when it is not present in the shield. Working with the washing machine must be absolutely safe. After all, its operation is associated with the supply of water, which perfectly conducts current. If the machine is not properly connected, electric current will flow into the metal body. There is a danger of electric shock after touching the frame.
In addition, incorrect connection often causes the electronic system of the machine to fail. To replace burnt parts, you have to pay a lot of money. over, such repairs are sometimes very difficult to perform.
In modern machines, a network stabilizer is installed to eliminate voltage surges. It connects directly to the body of the device. If the power outlet is not grounded, the regulator generates a voltage across the steel case equal to 110 volts.
Note! Usually the installation of a washing machine takes place in the bathroom. This room is always characterized by a high percentage of humidity. Getting a strong electric shock increases many times.
Creation of grounding of a private house
For owners of private houses, one connection to the dashboard is not enough, it is required to create the system itself. Several operations need to be performed:
- The depth of soil freezing is determined. Three pipes of the appropriate length are selected. Usually it is 1.5-3 meters in temperate regions.
- One side of the prepared pipe is made sharp.
- On the bottom, a third of the total length is measured. Holes are drilled with a diameter not exceeding one centimeter.
- A pit is being prepared. Its depth is done within 50 centimeters.
- Pipes are driven into the pit with a step of 1.5 meters. The protrusion of the pipe above the surface should be 10-15 centimeters.
- The pipes are connected with fittings. It turns out a triangle, which is fixed by welding.
- The ground wire is welded to the fittings and taken out into the room.
- The wire is attached to a special PE bus to ensure grounding of the entire house.
Manufacturers of modern models of washing machines install a special bolt on the body. Ground is connected to it. As a result, the reliability of the system is ensured, as well as its complete safety.
Washing machine in the bathroom. how to prevent corrosion?
The following steps will help protect the washing machine installed in the bathroom from corrosion:
- If possible, do not close the bathroom door.
- Provide good ventilation. Install forced ventilation (fan).
- Do not install the washing machine close to a bathtub or under a washbasin.
- Do not place the washing machine in a corner of a room, close to walls or in a closet.
- Leave the washing machine open after washing.
Washing machine away from washbasin and bathtub
Washing machine away from moisture sources
Washing machine with sufficient distance from the bath
The washing machine is installed in a well-ventilated area
Why washing machines installed in the bathroom rust?
A washing machine in the bathroom is, at first glance, the most suitable place to install. However, the metal from which washing machines are made is usually very thin. Therefore, if there is high humidity in the bathroom due to the lack of a good hood, the washing machine will quickly become covered with corrosion and subsequently completely rot. What installation errors lead to the fact that the washing machine in the bathroom is covered with corrosion?
The main mistakes are:
installation of a washing machine
- in a poorly ventilated bathroom.
- close to or very close to the bath.
- under the washbasin.
- into the corner of the bath, close to the walls.
- in a special, unventilated cabinet.
Washing machine under the sink and close to the bath
Washing machine in a poorly ventilated shaft
Washing machine in the corner, close to the walls
Washing machine in a poorly ventilated cabinet
Washing machine in the bathroom, what is important to know?
In most cases, the washing machine is installed in the bathroom. Sometimes in the kitchen. And it happens in the corridor. Everything depends on the area of housing. The choice of a place for the washing machine depends on how long it will last. And although the washing machine in the bathroom looks more natural, sometimes it is better to install it in a different place.
What to do when the washing machine in the bathroom is not the best option?
Undeniably the washing machine in the bathroom. more logical solution. However, installing it in the kitchen is often the best option. The kitchen is dry. She is well ventilated. There is usually more room in the kitchen. There is running water and sewerage, which makes connecting the washing machine possible.
Sometimes a washing machine is installed in the hallway. This is not the most convenient option. However, it is better to get used to some inconvenience than to lose your washing machine after a couple of years of use.
And so, the washing machine is in the bathroom. this is the most suitable place. But in order for it to last a long time and not rot from dampness, it must be installed in a dry and well-ventilated place. Therefore, sometimes you should think about installing a washing machine in a kitchen or other suitable place.